Table of Contents:
Introduction to Corporate Insolvency Resolution Process
The Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016
Key Features of Corporate Insolvency Resolution Process
Stages of the Corporate Insolvency Resolution Process 4.1. Initiation 4.2. Appointment of Interim Resolution Professional 4.3. Moratorium Period 4.4. Committee of Creditors Formation 4.5. Resolution Plan Preparation and Approval 4.6. Implementation of the Resolution Plan
Outcomes of the Corporate Insolvency Resolution Process
1. Introduction to Corporate Insolvency Resolution Process
The Corporate Insolvency Resolution Process (CIRP) in India is a mechanism that aims to address the financial distress of companies and find a resolution for their insolvency. The process, governed by the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (IBC), 2016, is designed to protect the interests of various stakeholders, including creditors, employees, and shareholders.
2. The Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016
The IBC is the primary legislation that governs insolvency and bankruptcy proceedings in India. It consolidates and amends various laws related to insolvency, and its main objectives are to provide a time-bound resolution process, promote entrepreneurship, and maximize the value of the company's assets.
3. Key Features of Corporate Insolvency Resolution Process
Some of the essential features of the CIRP include:
A time-bound process with a maximum duration of 270 days
Appointment of a resolution professional to manage the affairs of the company
A moratorium on debt recovery actions against the company during the process
Formation of a committee of creditors to decide on the resolution plan
A transparent and market-driven approach to finding the best resolution
4. Stages of the Corporate Insolvency Resolution Process
A financial creditor, operational creditor, or the company itself can initiate the CIRP by filing an application with the National Company Law Tribunal (NCLT).
4.2. Appointment of Interim Resolution Professional
Once the application is approved, the NCLT appoints an interim resolution professional (IRP) to take over the management of the company and safeguard its assets.
4.3. Moratorium Period
During the CIRP, a moratorium is imposed to prevent legal actions against the company by creditors, allowing the resolution process to proceed smoothly.
4.4. Committee of Creditors Formation
The IRP forms a committee of creditors (CoC), which comprises financial creditors, to decide on the resolution plan.
4.5. Resolution Plan Preparation and Approval
The resolution professional (RP) invites resolution plans from potential bidders, which are then evaluated by the CoC. The CoC must approve the resolution plan with a 66% majority vote.
4.6. Implementation of the Resolution Plan
Upon approval, the resolution plan is implemented, and the company's management is handed over to the successful bidder.
5. Outcomes of the Corporate Insolvency Resolution Process
The CIRP can result in various outcomes, including:
Revival of the company through a successful resolution plan
Liquidation of the company if a resolution plan is not approved or
Liquidation of the company if a resolution plan is not approved or feasible
Merger or acquisition of the company by another entity
Debt restructuring or settlement with creditors
The Corporate Insolvency Resolution Process in India offers a comprehensive and time-bound approach to addressing the financial distress of companies. By providing a transparent and market-driven mechanism, the CIRP aims to maximize the value of the company's assets, protect the interests of various stakeholders, and promote entrepreneurship. Understanding the key features, stages, and outcomes of the CIRP is essential for businesses, creditors, and investors to navigate the complexities of insolvency and bankruptcy in India.